World AIDS Day 2016
The latest data shows an increase in number of HIV infections across Africa and there’s need for governments to intensify sex education especially as the number of teenagers living with HIV/AIDS is on the rise, most cases involving male to male sexual relationships. According to the data in my possession, each month an average of five to six thousand teenagers are infected with HIV/AIDS,’ in Kenya alone. The numbers are twice that in South Africa and Nigeria. The report said teenagers identified as HIV/AIDS positive in Africa were aged between 15 and 20 years old, and already sexually active. This has been the trend for about five years, a change from the previous trend where those infected by the disease were between the ages of 25 and 49 years old, report added.It also said currently teenagers were more inclined to get involved in a sexual relationship, including those with homosexual orientation, due to the presence of social media, which enables them to easily find partners. Seeking a sexual partner has become very easy, like ordering a kebab through smartphone.Report authors believes the education institutions should be serious and brave enough to provide sex education to teenagers, including conducting campaigns on the use of condoms. Some of the patients who take anti-retroviral medication are still wearing secondary school uniforms. When researchers asked them, some said they had been sexually active since elementary school.
In Lagos, Nigeria the researchers added that over the past twelve months, a private clinic had seen around 800 patients per month, but around 430 people living with HIV/AIDS visit the clinic each month as of the middle of 2016. So far, sex education is very deficient as it only concerns anatomy, while discussion of sexual functions remain lacking. If a teenager already has a sex drive, what should he or she do? Lessons on morality are also inadequate, especially in Kenya, South Africa. Researchers added that the main cause of HIV/AIDS in Kenya, South Africa and Nigeria spreading was no longer the sharing of needles, but sexual contact.Based on data, the number of people living with HIV/AIDS were mostly between 30 and 39 years old, followed by people under 30 and those from 40 to 49 years old.The report said the rising number of teenagers with HIV/AIDS was attributed to the condom use campaign in schools being deemed taboo especially in conservative countries like Kenya and Uganda. This is one of the obstacles faced by the authorities in curbing the HIV/AIDS infection rate. Now, condom advertisements in the media have been limited, as television stations can only air them after 9 p.m. in Kenya, whereas earlier they could be aired anytime,’ said researchers. HIV/AIDS researchers said parents should supervise their children’s social interactions more seriously.
A child’s surroundings are very influential, for instance a teenager could become homosexual for often being in some environments, or experiencing sexual abuse,’ they said.Increasing numbers of commercial sex workers, report said, were also evident in all countries where data was analysed. Using the World Health Organisation standard in which a confirmed HIV-positive person represents 10 unknown cases, then the number of HIV-positive teenagers in Kenya is expected to be between 50,000 to 60,000 teenagers are predicted to be HIV positive monthly.In South Africa, people working in the transportation sector are considered to be at high risk. In HIV/AIDS mitigation, we talk about the 1M group, or mobile men with money,’ report added.If men in this category are infected with HIV, there is a chance they will transfer the virus to their respective spouses. Drivers and transportation crew members have to start living a healthy lifestyle and avoiding behaviour that risks HIV infection, such as changing sex partners and not using condoms,’ report said.Overall, the research demonstrates that all the gains that were made in late 1990s and early 2000s are being reversed by a careless generation that never witnessed how HIV AIDS wiped out families and communities in millions espcially in Uganda.So, the back stops with health oragnisations in trying to address the setbacks being expeirenced across Africa.